Center for Competitive Politics v. Federal Election Commission

Center for Competitive Politics v. Federal Election Commission

The Center for Competitive Politics (CCP) filed a lawsuit against the Federal Election Commission (FEC) seeking a controversial agency document denied to CCP despite a Freedom of Information Act request. That document relates to a complaint against Crossroads GPS that was dismissed by the FEC last December.

Typically, when the FEC’s General Counsel reviews a complaint alleging a campaign finance law violation, a First General Counsel’s Report is distributed to the Commission. As a matter of longstanding policy reflected in federal regulations requiring the FEC to “make the fullest possible disclosure of records to the public,” the FEC makes First General Counsel’s Reports public.

The FEC refused to follow this practice after the Commission determined that a § 501(c)(4) organization, Crossroads GPS, had not run afoul of federal campaign finance rules. According to the three Republican FEC commissioners, there were two versions of the First General Counsel’s Report. They sought to disclose the first version by attaching it to their statement of reasons for their vote on the complaint.  The attached 75-page document contained only one word: “redacted.”  CCP then filed a FOIA request for the report, which was denied.  CCP filed an appeal with the FEC, which the Commission denied on May 28.

The two documents have unknown differences in the legal test used by the FEC’s General Counsel to determine if an organization must register as a political committee. By not releasing the report, the FEC hid this possible change from organizations seeking to comply with the FEC’s interpretation of federal law.

“The FEC has a longstanding policy of approving FOIA requests for First General Counsel’s Reports that are not already published,” said Legal Director Allen Dickerson. “The General Counsel’s office has the ability to initiate investigations and audits, and so its view of the law is naturally of great importance to the regulated community. We are disappointed that the FEC disregarded its previous policy and its own regulations in denying our FOIA request, forcing CCP to file this lawsuit.”

The case was filed in United States District Court for the District of Columbia.  The lawsuit asks the Court to order release of the document and for reasonable attorney fees and litigation costs.

Case Documents

DC District Court

Freedom of Information Act Request



The Center for Competitive Politics is now the Institute for Free Speech.