Laws on Political Committees:
Grassroots Advocacy and Lobbying:
Definition of Campaign “Expenditure”:
Regulation of Issue Speech Near an Election (“Electioneering Communications”):
Regulation of Independent Expenditures by Non-Political Committees:
Super PAC Recognition:
Private Enforcement of Campaign Laws:
For a detailed description of each category, see pages 33-70 here.
Principles for Improvement:
For general policy recommendations on how your state can improve its ranking in future editions of the Free Speech Index, visit the “How States Can Improve” section of the Index.