Gun Rights Group Sues Wyoming for Violating its First Amendment Rights

Wyoming’s electioneering communications law is impossible to follow, lawsuit says

June 2, 2021   •  By IFS Staff   •  
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Cheyenne, WY – The Wyoming Gun Owners (WyGO) late yesterday sued Wyoming in federal court, saying the state unconstitutionally regulates its speech about public policy as campaign advertisements.

“Wyoming’s campaign laws are too vague to be understood. That’s not good enough when the state is regulating core First Amendment rights. Candidates’ views on gun issues go to the heart of WyGO’s mission, and they have a right to speak about them,” said Institute for Free Speech Senior Attorney Del Kolde, who is representing WyGO in the case along with Stephen Klein from Barr & Klein PLLC and Seth Johnson from Slow and Steady Law Office, PLLC.

WyGO made multiple communications to its members and the public about the policy views of candidates for the 2020 election but did not directly support the election or defeat of any candidate. Nevertheless, the Wyoming Secretary of State’s Office investigated WyGO’s political speech after receiving a complaint from a frequent opponent of the group’s policy views. Deputy Secretary of State Karen Wheeler ultimately assessed a $500 fine against WyGO after determining that one of its radio ads “can only be reasonably interpreted as an appeal to vote” for the candidate whose views it praised and against the candidate it criticized.

Speakers in Wyoming, however, cannot predict when state officials will determine that their criticism or praise of a candidate’s views has crossed the line into advocacy for their election or defeat, the lawsuit explains. Wyoming’s laws fail to clearly advise speakers of what messages are regulated or what information must be reported by the speaker. The Secretary of State’s Office has not created regulations clarifying the scope of the law, and the state provides no mechanism for groups to request guidance on how the law applies to their speech.

“We want to speak to our members and the public about what the candidates’ positions mean for their Second Amendment rights. The state has left us completely in the dark about how to do that without running afoul of the law,” said Aaron Dorr, Director of the Wyoming Gun Owners.

Making matters worse, Wyoming allows private individuals to file complaints alleging that someone else’s speech violates the law. This system turns the law into a weapon to silence political opponents. Even if a speaker ultimately prevails against a state investigation, they will have been forced to spend precious time and resources defending their rights instead of fulfilling their mission.

If the First Amendment means anything, it means that government cannot punish Americans for speaking about politics and public policy. Wyoming’s laws exceed the state’s constitutional authority and create a cloud of uncertainty for any speaker who wishes to communicate with the public about a candidate’s views. If the court does not vindicate WyGO’s right to speak about candidate policy positions free from state regulation, the group will be forced to cut back its speech and Wyomingites will be deprived of its views, especially during campaign season, when such speech matters the most.

The case is Wyoming Gun Owners v. Buchanan. To read the complaint, click here.

About the Institute for Free Speech

The Institute for Free Speech is a nonpartisan, nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization that promotes and defends the First Amendment rights to freely speak, assemble, publish, and petition the government. Originally known as the Center for Competitive Politics, it was founded in 2005 by Bradley A. Smith, a former Chairman of the Federal Election Commission. The Institute is the nation’s largest organization dedicated solely to protecting First Amendment political rights.

IFS Staff

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